Data Science/Analytics

by Seyma Yurduseven

A Blockchain Project Idea That You Might Want to Work On

Are you happy about the quality of news you watch on TV, read on the internet or your newspaper? Do you know how channels acquire those news?

If you have at least watched the movie by Jake Gyllenhaal, Nightcrawler, you might have an idea.

And most importantly, do you suspect the integrity of those news?

If you are interested in this, or at least if you think other people can be interested and you can benefit from that while also helping your society, Blockchain might be the solution, and you might be the one to take out unsavory intermediaries like Jake Gyllenhaal from the business of making the news known by public.

What does this project need?


First it needs to be recognized by a large number of people, so you will have people working out there to get the news from the actual sources.

Second, it needs people dedicated in open information to work as miners to confirm the integrity of those news. Integrity of the news is a very sensitive and important subject as well as being incredibly hard to implement. Facebook is still trying to solve that problem. If you ask, “So how the news channels solve it?” The answer basically is; they don’t do it completely. They check the sources, compare it with some facts and all, which are really hard and time consuming to do, but in the end, if they want to give that news to the air, they do it. They may be legally responsible, of course, if they intentionally give wrong information about sensitive subjects, which makes it even harder on them.

You can implement a set of miners comprised of people like “”, who is in the chase of false news, and you may not allow new  information to be on the chain without that confirmation.

Of course this is only one idea to solve this problem. There may be better ideas, as the project developer, that’s your problem to solve 🙂

This project, if succeeds may help a lot of people in a lot of countries to get real news instead of what they are being fed by intermediaries with other agendas. Even if you cannot solve the integrity issue, would it be really worse than having just “one or two” news agency, which belong to who knows who, to provide information to the channels?

Workshop: “Hukukta Dijital Dönüşüm”

I am doing a workshop next week about the digital transformation of law. In this workshop, I am going to talk about a lot of different new technologies that is affecting and will affect law.

I will not just talk though…

We are going to write smart contracts together during the workshop and analyze them together. We will discuss if they can be valid contracts or not.

And we will talk about how smart contracts can really be “smart”.

We will talk about bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies and their effect on legal science.

And data science and AI will take another hour to just give an introduction to them since they are causing earthquakes within the jurisprudence lately.

Lastly, I will share my insights and ideas with the audience about the road map a future lawyer can follow. There are different roads one may want to pursue. Not everyone will be a computer scientist as well as a lawyer after all.

I want to show everyone why law is actually “math”, not clusters of words.


Ankara Hukuk Fakültesi “Smart Contract” yazıyor!

Pazartesi ve Salı günleri ikişer saat olacak olan bu workshop yeni teknolojilere hukukî bir yaklaşımın yanında, hukuka teknolojik bir yaklaşımı sergileyecek.

Sadece konuşmayacağız, birlikte “Smart Contract” yazacağız. Birlikte bunların gerçekten de sözleşme olup olmadığını, ve tabi bir de zeki olup olmadıklarını irdeleyeceğiz.

Bu teknolojiler hakkında bilgi almak İngilizce’si yeterli olmayan birisi için o kadar zor ki! İnternetteki Türkçe sonuçlar “Bitcoin balon mu”, “çıkacak mı inecek mi”, “nasıl hesap açılır?” ekseninde ilerlerken ve herkes “pump and dump” gruplarına konsantre olmuşken, dünya ilerliyor, bizim haberimiz olmuyor.

Bu workshopun posterinde bir çok kelime İngilizce. “Veri Bilimi” değil “Data Science” yazıyor mesela. Bu yanlışlıkla yapılmadı. Bu konuları öğrenmek istiyorsunuz ama kurslardan kalan İngilizce’niz yeterli değilse, bu kavramların İngilizce karşılıklarını öğrenmeniz gerekecek. Aynen posterdeki gibi workshop sırasında da kavramların İngilizce’leri size verilecek, tabi bu kez yer sıkıntısı olmadığından Türkçe (olası) karşılıklarıyla. Bu sayede hem anlatılanı anlayacak, hem de sonraki araştırmalarınız için anahtar kelimelerinizi öğrenmiş olacaksınız.

Hukuk aslında matematiktir. Toplama çıkarma anlamında değil. Analitik düşünme anlamında… Hukuğun içinden matematiği çıkardığınızda elinizde sadece bir kelimeler topluluğu kalır. Bu durumda kanun ezberlemekten başka bir yanı kalmaz. İyi hukukçu kolaylıkla iyi matematikçi olabilir.

*Yakın zamanda katılımcılara github linki verilecek.

A Review of International Summer School in IT Law by Leibniz Universität Hannover/Germany

We were promised fun as well as education and we got exactly we were looking for. I spent a month this summer in Hannover/Germany at Leibniz University and this summer school was really good. I actually even got the idea of my next research project on Big Data from here. 

Hannover was a really beautiful city and not so boring as some blog sites that I will not name here, advertise. Be that as it may, it was also so cold that I had to by winter clothes when I was there to use in some especially cold days.  

The first and foremost I would like to mention here as a highlight of this program is definitely Jan Horstmann, the main coordinator. He thought of anything and everything. He was so detail oriented that everything was planned to the nth degree, and everything worked out even with lots of people from lots of different backgrounds and expectations.
Jan Horstmann
Jan Horstmann
Leibniz University has definitely very good scholars working in IP and IT Law. I have learned a lot on our lectures. None of the lecturers were bad, but some of them was really the kind of scholars that I feel lucky to have met with. Prof. Dr. Christian Heinze, who is the professor that suggested me the program when we were conversing on my PhD subject, gave the perfect both introductory and advanced lectures on IP Law. Prof. Dr. Tina Krügel, was the exact representation of a successful data protection lawyer who can also teach, which is rare. Ioannis Revolidis said that Copyright was not his main area, but I do not know how much better it could be, if it was his area. He started from the scratch, but touched all the relevant and trendy topics and cases on Copyright.
Final Word: Waiting for Pirate Bay, being disappointed and frustrated by GDPR, this summer was an animated summer for IP and IT world. This program was a good choice for me. As far as I know, they intend to continue this program in the following years. I believe the education I got and fun I had was worth the time I spent here. Some of my friends were considering their LL.M. programs as well. I suggest you take a look too. (And this is not America, this is Europe, no overpriced education here, basically all they take is barely enough for accommodation and other expenses.)

By Max von Schönfeld; Daten – das neue Öl?!

The article by Max von Schönfeld, Data- The New Oil?! is fortunately an article that I can provide you with a link since it is open access. You can see my summary of it here.

As we all know, from the big example of Tesla especially, the importance of information technology in car industry is growing very rapidly. It is thought to become both a partner and a competitor to the car industry soon.

What has that much importance? The data.

In 21th century we have two main approaches to private data. They are “privacy by design” and “privacy by default”. When evaluating big data, according to the author, these should be adhered.

Which types of data can be collected through the technology in cars?

  • Motion data using GPS, (Time and place, speed, stops, routes and duration)
  • Behavioral data of the driver regarding acceleration, braking, steering, flashing etc.
  • Condition of the car
  • Communication device usage
  • Data on the external environment
  • Data on passengers, for example via their seat sensors or telephones.
  • Video cameras installed in the driver’s cab

This list, like the amount of data being collected, grows day by day, so it is only exemplary.

Personal data means data relating to a living individual who is or can be identified either from the data or from the data in conjunction with other information that is in, or is likely to come into, the possession of the data controller. And data privacy concerns only personal data. So companies dealing with such technology and data, tries to stay away from personal data as much as possible.

Anonymised or pseudonymised data come into play when we talk about the extend of data protection.

Anonymisation means processing the data with the aim of irreversibly preventing the identification of the individual to whom it relates.

Pseudonymizing is replacing the name and other identifiers by a mark for the purpose of excluding the determination of the person concerned or considerably more difficult.
We can easily see that anonymization is safer than pseudonymization, but in either case they are still private data, thus protected as such. However the level of protection changes with these, so it might be in company’s best interest to use these techniques, especially regarding the requirement of data minimization in some sectors.
Ownership of data is one of the most debatable aspects of this subject. In civil law, property right is assign to “things” (My note: In Common Law there are different issues about this subject, I will explain them with another article from a Common Law system.) Data as such, as intangible information, is initially not de lege lata eligible to be the subject of property right in the sense of § 903 of the Civil Code (BGB). (My note: In Common Law even notional things can be considered “things” in regards to property right) 
Data can be counted as a nonessential component of the hardware it is carried in, but that does not solve the data protection issue. In Civil law, this subject is still not regulated thus unanswered.
Data economy, data minimization is an important subject and should be used by means of pseudonymisation and anonymisation techniques. Profiling, one of the biggest concerns of the public, can be prevented with them. eCall technology is, as known, questioned in this regard.
Europe, clearly has stricter protection of personal data than US. However, these technologies are not confined in countries, or continents or regions. They are universal and they belong to big, multinational companies that import and export their products everywhere. So this difference between two systems causes dualism which results with the disadvantage of European companies and disturbance in public.

This article is very informative with regards to general problems on Big Data, it has a clear language and the author Mr. Max von Schönfeld proposes a few solutions to these problems too, which I did not give spoiler to. I hope you will like it too.